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B:M HA/HMA Map of California

BLM HA/HMA Map of California

Information on the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) wild horse and burro management in the State of California. Information is from public information sources and, can include, unique research and field observations made by Wild Horse Education Volunteers.

Terms in charts

HA- Herd Area, Arbitrary areas defined in 1971 by BLM, without regard to seasonal herd movement,  where wild herds were observed. Officially “zeroed out” there could still be wild herds in these areas.

HMA- Herd Management Area- Areas designated for management of wild herds. There were 303 HMAs; now there are less than 180, and of those 70% have populations that are no longer genetically viable.

Wild Horse Education’s BLM  ”glossary” HERE

These is the latest available stat sheets for the State of California.

Information on this page was researched and written by WHE volunteer, Connie J. Cunningham.

California Summary

California Summary

CA HMA/HA managed for horses

CA HMA/HA managed for horses

CA HAs not managed

CA HAs not managed for wild populations

WILD HORSES AND BURROS IN CALIFORNIA

Herd Areas and Herd Management Areas

US Forest Service Territories

Source of Information:  BLM

James G. Kenna, State Director

Angie Lara, Associate State Director

Bureau of Land Management

California State Office

2800 Cottage Way, Suite W-1623

Sacramento, CA  95825

Phone:  (916) 978-4400

CABLMHERD MANAGEMENT AREAS

Bitner CA-267

Buckhorn CA-262

Carter Reservoir CA-269

Centennial CA-654

Chemehuevi CA-698

Chicago Valley CA-681

Chocolate Mule Mountains CA-671

Coppersmith CA-261

Devils Garden CA-252

Fort Sage CA-241

Fox Hog CA-263

High Rock CA-264

Lee Flat CA-652

Massacre Lakes CA-268

New Ravendale CA-243

Nut Mountain CA-266

Palm Canyon CA-662

Piper Mountain CA-656

Red Rock Lakes CA-251

Twin Peaks CA-242

Wall Canyon CA-265

Waucoba-Hunter MountainCA-651

BITNER HMA (CA-267)

BLM last updated website: 10-17-2011

LOCATION:   The Bitner Herd Management Area lies in the northern Washoe County,

NV approximately 40 miles east of Cedarville, CA.

ACREAGE:     50,500 acres are managed for wild horses.

ELEVATION:  5,600 feet to 6,900 feet

TOPOGRAPHY/VEGATATION:   The Bitner Table makes up two-thirds of the area and wraps around the Massacre Lakes Basin which is a large alkali lake bed. Vegetation consists primarily of big and low sage, with an understory of bluegrass, squirreltail, needlegrass, bluebunch wheatgrass and Idaho fescue.

WILDLIFE: Wildlife consists of pronghorn, mule deer and sage grouse.

HERD SIZE:    15 to 25 head

HORSE COLORS:   Blacks and bays with some piebald

SIZE OF HORSES:  14-16 hands and 900-1100 pounds

HISTORY:  The horses in this area likely originated from historic ranching operations

BUCKHORN HMA

BLM last updated website: 03-07-2008

LOCATION:   The Buckhorn Herd Management Area is located 40 miles southwest of Cedarville, CA in Lassen County, CA and Washoe County, NV.

ACREAGE:    65,000 acres are managed for wild horses

ELEVATION:   5,000 feet to 8,000 feet

TOPOGRAPHY/VEGATATION: The area is rough and steep with rocky tablelands and a few alkali lakebeds. Dominant vegetation consists of juniper, bitterbrush, big and low sage with bluegrass and an understory of squirreltail, needlegrass and Idaho fescue.

WILDLIFE:   Wildlife occurring in the area includes pronghorn, mule deer, chukar and sage grouse.

HERD SIZE:   59 to 85 head

HORSE COLORS:    Browns and bays

SIZE OF HORSES:   14-16 hands and 900-1100 pounds

HISTORY:   This area contains horses thought to originate from Spanish stock diluted with ranch stock and US Cavalry remounts prior to and during World War I.  The influence of the US Cavalry remounts program is especially apparent in these horses.

CARTER RESERVOIR HMA (CA-269)

BLM last updated website: 10-31-2007

LOCATION:   The Carter Reservoir Herd Management Area is located in Washoe County, NV with a small portion in Modoc County, CA.

ACREAGE:     23,000 acres are managed for wild horses

ELEVATION: 4,900 feet to 6,600 feet

TOPOGRAPHY/VEGATATION: Topography in this HMA ranges from gently rolling hills to steep rocky slopes. Juniper occurs in the higher elevations. Other vegetation includes big and low sage with bluegrass, squirreltail, needlegrass and Idaho fescue.

WILDLIFE: Pronghorn, mule deer, and chuckar are the dominant wildlife species.

HERD SIZE:    25 to 35 head

HORSE COLORS:      Dun, Blue Corn and Grulla with dorsal stripes, barred or striped legs and dark points

SIZE OF HORSES:     14-16 hands and 900-1100 pounds

HISTORY:       This area contains horses thought to originate from Spanish stock. Long thick manes and tails along with the distinctive markings are all signs of the old Spanish stock.

CENTENNIAL HMA

BLM Last updated website: 10-31-2007

LOCATION:   The Centennial Herd Management Area is located in Kern County, CA approximately 10 miles north of Ridgecrest, CA.

ACREAGE:     319,000 acres are managed for wild horses

ELEVATION:

TOPOGRAPHY/VEGATATION:

WILDLIFE:

HERD SIZE:    168 head

HORSE COLORS:      Gray, brown and bay

SIZE OF HORSES:     14-16 hands and 900-1100 pounds

HISTORY:       This area contains horses thought to be from ranching stock.

Centennial Herd Management Area

CHEMEHUEVI HMA (CA-698)

BLM last updated website: 10-31-2007

LOCATION:   The Chemehuevi Herd Management Area is located in eastern San Bernardino County, CA and encompasses an area from 7 miles south of Needles, CA to the Parker Dam and includes land east of U.S. 95 eastward to the Colorado River.

ACREAGE:     79,000 acres are managed for wild burros

ELEVATION:

TOPOGRAPHY/VEGATATION:

WILDLIFE:

HERD SIZE:    108 head

BURRO COLORS:     Gray, blue, black and pink

SIZE:     11 to 12 hands and 500-600 pounds

HISTORY:       The burros in this area are believed to have originated from mining operations in the 1800’s. With introduction of the railroad in this area the miners abandoned their animals into the foothills.

CHICAGO VALLEY HMA (CA-681) 

BLM last updated website: 10-31-2007

LOCATION:   The Chicago Valley Herd Management Area is located in southeastern Inyo County, CA along the California/Nevada border near Death Valley Junction.

ACREAGE:     278,000 acres are managed for wild horses

ELEVATION:

TOPOGRAPHY/VEGATATION:

WILDLIFE:

HERD SIZE:    12 head

HORSE COLORS:      Bay and Brown

SIZE OF HORSES:     14-16 hands and 900-1100 pounds

HISTORY:       The horses in this area are believed to have originated from ranching operations.

CHOCOLATE MULE MOUNTAINS HMA (CA-671)

BLM last updated website: 06-14-2012

LOCATION:   The Chocolate Mule Mountains Herd Management Area is located in southeastern Imperial County, CA along the Colorado River bordering the Picacho State Recreation Area west of Yuma, AZ.

ACREAGE:     159,000 acres are managed for wild burros

ELEVATION:

TOPOGRAPHY/VEGATATION:

WILDLIFE:

HERD SIZE:    121 head

BURRO COLORS:     Gray, Blue, and Black

SIZE:     10-11 hands and 400-600 pounds

HISTORY:       The wild burros were introduced to this area in the mid-1800s when mining was at its highest. As the miners abandoned their miners they turned the burros out to fend for themselves.

COPPERSMITH HMA (CA-261)

BLM last updated website: 03-07-2008

LOCATION:   The Coppersmith Herd Management Area is located 30 miles southeast of Cedarville, CA in Lassen County, CA and Washoe County, NV.

ACREAGE:     70,500 acres are managed for wild horses

ELEVATION: 5,000 feet to 8,000 feet

TOPOGRAPHY/VEGATATION:       The topography consists of rough and steep rocky tablelands. Dominant vegetation includes Juniper, bitterbrush, big and low sage with bluegrass and an understory of squirreltail, Idaho fescue and needlegrasses.

WILDLIFE: Dominant wildlife in the area includes pronghorn, mule deer, sage grouse, chukar and quail.

HERD SIZE:    50 – 75 head

HORSE COLORS:      Bay, Black and Brown

SIZE OF HORSES:     14-16 hands and 900-1100 pounds

HISTORY:       This area contains horses thought to originate from Spanish stock diluted with ranch stock and US Cavalry remounts prior to and during World War I. Many of the horses in this area have characteristics common to Morgans and Quarter Horses.

COPPERSMITH HMA (CA-261)

DEVILS GARDEN WILD HORSE TERRITORY HMA (CA-252)

Website last updated: 10-31-2007

LOCATION:   The Devils Garden Wild Horse Territory is located 5 miles north of Alturas, CA in northern Modoc County, CA.

ACREAGE:     285,000 acres are managed for wild horses

ELEVATION: 4,800 feet to 5,750 feet

TOPOGRAPHY/VEGATATION:       Terrain consists of a plateau with rolling hills and mountains. Vegetation includes sagebrush/grass, juniper in stands or scattered and east side pine with an understory of bitterbrush. In some areas, there are large expanses of mountain mahogany.

WILDLIFE:  Wildlife in the area includes elk, mule deer, mountain lions, coyotes, bobcats, antelope, various rodents and many different species of birds.

HERD SIZE:    325 head

HORSE COLORS:      Bay, Black and Brown

SIZE OF HORSES:     15-16 hands and 900-1200 pounds

HISTORY:       Many of the wild horses in this area exhibit draft horse characteristics and are thought to have descended from draft horse stock used on area farms and ranches, however some areas are dominated by animals with light horse breed characteristics. The US Forest Service provides management lead on this territory, with the Bureau of Land Management conducting the gathering operations and placement of animals into the adoption program.

Devils Garden Wild Horse Territory

FORT SAGE HERD MANAGEMENT AREA (CA-241)

BLM website last updated: 10-31-2007

LOCATION:   The Fort Sage Herd Management Area is located approximately 40 miles southwest of Susanville, CA just east of the town of Doyle, CA.

ACREAGE:     15,000 acres are managed for wild horses

ELEVATION:   4,000 feet to 8,000 feet

TOPOGRAPHY/VEGATATION:       The terrain is generally mountainous and steep. Dominant vegetation in the area consists of sagebrush, bitterbrush, needlegrass, and bluebunch wheatgrass.

WILDLIFE:   Major wildlife species in the area include mule deer, chukar and quail.

HERD SIZE:    65 head

HORSE COLORS:      Bay, Black and Brown

SIZE OF HORSES:     14-16 hands and 900-1200 pounds

HISTORY:       The horses in this area likely originated from domestic stock from area farms and ranches. This area is managed in cooperation with the Bureau of Land Management’s Carson City, NV office.

FOX HOG HMA (CA-263)

BLM last updated website: 10-14-2011

LOCATION:   The Fox Hog Herd Management Area is located approximately 45 miles southwest of Cedarville, CA in Washoe County, NV.

ACREAGE:     119,000 acres are managed for wild horses

ELEVATION: 5,300 feet to 8,000 feet

TOPOGRAPHY/VEGATATION:       Topography consists of rolling mountains with large plateaus. Vegetation consists of big and low sage with squirreltail, Idaho fescue and bluegrass in the understory.

WILDLIFE: Pronghorn, chukar and sage grouse are the major wildlife species. Bighorn sheep also occur at the north end of the HMA.

HERD SIZE:    120 to 220 head

HORSE COLORS:      Bay, Black and Brown

SIZE OF HORSES:     14-16 hands and 900-1200 pounds

HISTORY:       The area contains horses from a variety of breeds with some displaying draft horse tics.

HIGH ROCK HMA (CA-264)

BLM last updated website: 10-14-2011

LOCATION:   The High Rock Herd Management Area is located approximately 45 miles north of Gerlach, NV and 45 miles south east of Cedarville, CA. The area is entirely in Washoe County, NV. The area is managed as two separate home ranges each having an appropriate management level.

ACREAGE:     115,000 acres are managed for wild horses

ELEVATION: 5,000 feet to 7,000 feet

TOPOGRAPHY/VEGATATION:       Five deep canyons dissect the surrounding tablelands. Vegetation consists of big and low sage with bluegrass, squirreltail and needlegrass. Great Basin wild rye is common in the bottom of the High Rock Canyon.

WILDLIFE: Pronghorn, bighorn sheep, chuckar, sage grouse and mule deer are common in the area.

HERD SIZE:    30 to 40 head for the East Canyon Home Range

48 to 80 head for the Little High Rock Home Range

HORSE COLORS:      Sorrels and Palomino Pintos

SIZE OF HORSES:     14-16 hands and 900-1100 pounds

HISTORY:       Some of the horses in this herd exhibit Spanish mustang characteristics

LEE FLAT HMA (CA-652)

BLM last updated website: 10-31-2007

LOCATION:   The Lee Flat Herd Management Area is located east of the Owens Dry Lake bed in Inyo County, CA.

ACREAGE:     73,000 acres are managed for wild burros

ELEVATION:

TOPOGRAPHY/VEGATATION:

WILDLIFE:

HERD SIZE:    15 head

BURRO COLORS:     Gray

SIZE OF HORSES:     10-11 hands and 400-600 pounds

HISTORY:       The burros in this area are believed to from mining operations in the mid-1800s.

MASSACRE LAKES HMA (CA-268)

BLM last updated website: 10-31-2007

LOCATION:   The Massacre Lakes Herd Management Area lies in northern Washoe County, NV. It is approximately 30 miles east of Cedarville, CA.

ACREAGE:     40,700 acres are managed for wild horses

ELEVATION: 5,000 feet to 6,800 feet

TOPOGRAPHY/VEGATATION:       The northern two-thirds of the HMA has a gentle slope with a southern aspect dissected by shallow drainage courses. The southern third of the HMA is a shallow alkali lake. Vegetation consists primarily of juniper and low sage with bluegrass, squirreltail and needlegrass in the understory.

WILDLIFE: Pronghorn, mule deer and sage grouse are common in the area.

HERD SIZE:    20 head

HORSE COLORS:      Sorrels and Bays

SIZE OF HORSES:     14-16 hands and 900-1100 pounds

HISTORY:       The horses in this area likely originated from historical ranching stock.

NEW RAVENDALE HMA (CA-243)

BLM last updated website: 03-07-2008

LOCATION:   The New Ravendale Herd Management Area is located near the town of Ravendale, CA in Lassen County, CA and is bordered on the east by Highway 395.

ACREAGE:     27,500 acres are managed for wild horses

ELEVATION: 5,300 feet to 6,000 feet

TOPOGRAPHY/VEGATATION:       Terrain consists of rolling hills with sagebrush/juniper/grass type vegetation. Mountain mahogany occurs in patched, generally on north slopes.

WILDLIFE: Wildlife in the area includes mule deer, mountain lions, coyote, bob cats, antelope, various rodents and many different species of birds.

HERD SIZE:    25 head

HORSE COLORS:      Brown and Bay

SIZE OF HORSES:     14-16 hands and 900-1100 pounds

HISTORY:       The wild horses in this area likely originated from historical ranching stock consisting on both draft and light breeds.

NUT MOUNTAIN HMA (CA-266)

BLM last updated web site: 10-14-2011

LOCATION:   The Nut Mountain Herd Management Area is located 40 miles east of Cedarville, CA in Washoe County, NV.

ACREAGE:     40,500 acres are managed for wild horses

ELEVATION: 5,600 feet to 6,900 feet

TOPOGRAPHY/VEGATATION: The area is mainly rolling hills. Areas of big and low sage with bitterbrush dominate the landscape with an understory of bluegrass, squirreltail, Idaho fescue and needlegrass.

WILDLIFE: Dominant wildlife species include pronghorn, mule deer and sage grouse.

HERD SIZE:    30 to 55 head

HORSE COLORS:      Blacks and Bays with some piebalds

SIZE OF HORSES:     14-16 hands and 900-1100 pounds

HISTORY:       The horses in this area likely originated from historical ranching operations.

Last updated: 10-31-2007

PALM CANYON HMA (CA-662)

BLM last updated web site: 10-31-2007

LOCATION:   The Palm Canyon Herd Management Area is located in Riverside County, CA southwest of Palm Springs, CA.

ACREAGE:     9,500 acres are managed for wild horses

ELEVATION:

TOPOGRAPHY/VEGATATION:

WILDLIFE:

HERD SIZE:    6 head

HORSE COLORS:      Browns and Bays

SIZE OF HORSES:     13-14 hands and 800-900 pounds

HISTORY:       The horses in this area likely originated from historical ranching stock.

PIPER MOUNTAIN HMA (CA-656)

BLM last updated website: 10-31-2007

LOCATION:   The Piper Mountain Herd Management Area is located in Inyo County, CA approximately 20 miles east of Bishop, CA. The Herd Management Area is bordered on the west side by Highway 168.

ACREAGE:     86,000 acres are managed for wild horses and wild burros

ELEVATION:

TOPOGRAPHY/VEGATATION:

WILDLIFE:

HERD SIZE:    17 horses and 82 burros

HORSE COLORS:      Brown and Bay

BURRO COLORS:     Gray, Blue and Pink

SIZE OF HORSES:     14-16 hands and 800-1000 pounds

SIZE OF BURROS:     11-12 hands and 400-600 pounds

HISTORY:       The horses in this area likely originated from historical ranching stock. The burros are thought to have been abandoned in the mid-1800s when the mining operations began to fail.

Red Rock Lakes Herd Management Area (CA-251)

BLM last updated website: 10-31-2007

LOCATION:   The Red Rock Herd Management Area is located 10 miles east of Macdoel, CA in northern Siskyou County, CA.

ACREAGE:     17,000 acres are managed for wild horses

ELEVATION: 4,600 feet to 6,250 feet

TOPOGRAPHY/VEGATATION: The Red Rock lakes are located at an elevation of 4,600 feet and are the central focus of the wild horse territory. The tope of the ridge, Mahogany Mountain, is 6,250 feet. Vegetation consists of big and lows sage, with an understory of Idaho fescue, squirreltail and needlegrasses. In many areas juniper has increased greatly in density and understory shrubs and grass species are absent.

WILDLIFE: Wildlife along the ridge includes mule deer, antelope, coyotes, bobcats, hawks, eagles, sage grouse, pheasant, mountain quail and mourning doves. Many waterfowl nest and rest on the lakes during years of adequate rainfall.

HERD SIZE:    25 head

HORSE COLORS:      Gray and Bay

SIZE OF HORSES:     14-16 hands and 900-1100 pounds

HISTORY:       The wild horses may have ancestry tracing back to the Spanish mustang. The Spanish bloodlines have been diluted by a large variety of horses brought into the area by pioneering ranchers.

Red Rock Lakes Herd Management Area (CA-251)

LOCATION:   The Red Rock Herd Management Area is located 10 miles east of Macdoel, CA in northern Siskyou County, CA.

ACREAGE:     17,000 acres are managed for wild horses

ELEVATION: 4,600 feet to 6,250 feet

TOPOGRAPHY/VEGATATION: The Red Rock lakes are located at an elevation of 4,600 feet and are the central focus of the wild horse territory. The top of the ridge, Mahogany Mountain, is 6,250 feet. Vegetation consists of big and lows sage, with an understory of Idaho fescue, squirreltail and needlegrasses. In many areas juniper has increased greatly in density and understory shrubs and grass species are absent.

WILDLIFE: Wildlife along the ridge includes mule deer, antelope, coyotes, bobcats, hawks, eagles, sage grouse, pheasant, mountain quail and mourning doves. Many waterfowl nest and rest on the lakes during years of adequate rainfall.

HERD SIZE:    25 head

HORSE COLORS:      Gray and Bay

SIZE OF HORSES:     14-16 hands and 900-1100 pounds

HISTORY:       The wild horses may have ancestry tracing back to the Spanish mustang. The Spanish bloodlines have been diluted by a large variety of horses brought into the area by pioneering ranchers.

TWIN PEAKS HMA (CA-242)

BLM last updated web site: 12-29-2010

LOCATION:   The Twin Peaks Herd Management Area is located approximately 25 miles northeast of Susanville, CA.   Highway 395 borders the HMA to the west. The Herd Management Area is located in both Lassen County, CA and Washoe County, NV.

ACREAGE:   798,000 acres are managed for wild horses and wild burros

ELEVATION:   4,000 feet to 7,500 feet

TOPOGRAPHY/VEGETATION:   The terrain in this HMA consists of large, flat valley bottoms bisected by steep mountains. Dominant vegetation includes sagebrush, bitterbrush, bluebunch, needlegrass and squirreltail.

WILDLIFE:   Wildlife occurring in the area includes mule deer, quail, pronghorn antelope, and sage grouse.

HERD SIZE:     448 to 758 head of horses

72 to 116 head of burros

HORSE COLORS:      Mostly bay, sorrel, black, gray, with some Appaloosas, duns, and pintos

BURROS COLORS:    Mostly black and brown, with some grays

SIZE OF HORSES:      14-16 hands and 900-1100 pounds

SIZE OF BURROS:      11-12 hands and 400-600 pounds

HISTORY:   Some of the original horses in this area descended from Spanish Stock.  Today the herd is descended from US Army Cavalry remounts released prior to and during World War I, and historic draft and riding ranching stock.  Burros likely originated from historic sheep operations in the area.

WALL CANYON HMA (CA-265)

BLM last updated web site: 10-14-2011

LOCATION:   The Wall Canyon Herd Management Area is located 46 miles east of Cedarville, CA. The area lies in both Washoe and Humboldt Counties of Nevada.

ACREAGE:     49,000 acres are managed for wild horses

ELEVATION: 5,500 feet to 6,500 feet

TOPOGRAPHY/VEGATATION:       Topography consists of rolling hills and plateaus dissected by a few perennial creeks. Major vegetation species are low and big sage with bluegrass, squirreltail and needlegrass in the understory.

WILDLIFE: Mule deer, pronghorn antelope and sage grouse are the dominant wildlife species in the area.

HERD SIZE:    15 to 25 head

HORSE COLORS:      Black and Bay with some piebalds

SIZE OF HORSES:     14-16 hands and 900-1100 pounds

HISTORY:       The wild horses in this area likely originated from historical ranching stock.

WAUCOBA-HUNTER MOUNTAIN HMA (CA-651)

BLM last updated web site: 10-31-2007

LOCATION:   The Waucoba-Hunter Mountain Herd Management Area is located in southern Inyo County, CA approximately 30 miles east of Olancha, CA.

ACREAGE:     23,000 acres are managed for wild burros

ELEVATION:

TOPOGRAPHY/VEGATATION:

WILDLIFE:

HERD SIZE:    11 head

BURRO COLORS:     Gray

SIZE OF BURROS:     10-11 hands and 400-600 pounds

HISTORY:       The burros in this area are believed to from mining operations in the mid-1800s. Historic sheep operations may have also contributed to the burro population.

~~~

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